From Geneva Gazette 19 July 1861
We - that is the bloody 33rd regiment N. Y. S. V. - have at last
arrived on Meridian Heights, encamped about two and half miles from the
Capitol, 829 strong.
FROM THE THIRTY-THIRD
Interesting Letter from Q. M. Suydam
We take pleasure in spreading before our readers the
following interesting letter from H. L. Suydam, Esq., Quarter Master of
the 33rd Regiment. And we are gratified at his promise that we
from him again:
CAMP GRANGER, near Washington
July 14, 1861
S. H. Parker, Esq., Editor Gazette
The boys are all in good spirits so far as I can hear, but I can
assure you they have had a very trying time of it. We left Elmira
July 8th, and had a most delightful ride through the country to this
point, being cheered at every station - and especially at Williamsport
where we were met by many an old Genevan, who did all in their power to
relieve the wants of a hungry and tired body of soldiers. As soon
as we crossed the line into Maryland, the Rail Road was, as you may
say, one complete line
of defense, being guarded by the 12th Penn. regiment at every point.
of the bridges having been burned down are now rebuilt and strongly
so that the travel on the road is perfectly safe.
On arriving at Baltimore the regiment formed and marched through
the city, making not a very bad appearance with their excellent Band
from Elmira and all colors flying, leaving me in charge of the train of
baggage with a guard of 20 men to meet them at the Washington depot.
(It is now 12 o'clock at night, and Col. Walker calls at my tent
and wants the Quarter Master to do his duty which is the "grand rounds"
-- breaking off the thread of my discourse.)
It took us nearly two hours to get through the city. One thing I
could not help but notice, that when the ladies waved their
handkerchiefs at us, (which was frequently done,) they left the blinds
partly open and stood so far back in their rooms that their neighbors
could not see them -- rather a bad omen. But a number of citizens
came to us and made enquiry as to where we came from, giving us the
morning papers and wishing us God speed - and doing other acts of
kindness. Quite a crowd of
youths, however, followed us giving cheers for Jeff. Davis. I
them a cop, and told them to give it to Jeff, he might want it
he got through with this unholy war. On the whole, I was not very
much pleased with Baltimore. The guard on the platform of the
with loaded guns, looked rather war-like for me.
On arriving at Washington, it was found our men, who had been supplied
with three days rations by our friend, Billie Post of Elmira,
(who by the by is a perfect gentleman,) not having the fear of famine
before their eyes had exhausted the amount in the twenty-four hours.
The Quartermaster at once made his requisition on the Commissary,
on the next day two days' rations, consisting of hard sea-bread and
bacon -- a very striking change from the princely fare of Mr. Post -
the Quartermaster must come in for his regular share of curses.
Up to this time the fare has been very bad, but I must say the
have acted with a feeling that has sometimes surprised me. It was
raining when they left Elmira, and they arrived at Washington and went
into camp without supper, tents or fire to comfort them, amid one of
severest pelting storms I ever passed through. It has rained
every day since we arrived here; and the thermometer at this writing
at 64 in my tent.
Washington is a city of magnificent distances, which if any
one does not believe, let them take the appointment of Q. M. in a
volunteer regiment, travel 2 1/2 miles to get a requisition for meat, 2
1/2 miles to get it signed by the proper officer, then break down his
buggy and have to travel 2 1/2 miles in another direction on foot to
the butcher shop,
then home to camp to receive the curses of _________.
The men all think as much of their Colonel as ever; in fact he cannot
be beat we think. We have received many calls from old friends
today - among them O. G. Judd, who is looking well and hearty, Capt.
and others. Visited the forts on Arlington Heights, and today
things look rather warlike. No more at present, but you may again
Q. M. OF THE
From the Geneva Gazette 26 July 1861
Letters were received last night by friends of Cap. Baird and
private John H. Morrison, from those persons, which have been placed at
our disposal. They are highly interesting in details of the part
taken by our brave Geneva boys in the battle of the 21st. We would fain
publish both letters today, but have barely room for the following
from that of Capt. B. to his brother:
Alexandria, July 23d, 1861
Never did the men fight longer or with more determined courage than the
88th and the Fire Zouaves. When we got within half a mile of
the position to be occupied, cannon shot and bombs went whizzing by and
over our heads at the rate of 12 a minute. I took our my watch
and counted them.
* * I never saw a rifle pointed with more accuracy than they
pointed their rifled cannon. * * * We were then ordered to
a second position, and had scarcely reached it through a shower of
musketry, heavy shot and shell, when our battery was
knocked all to pieces by a shot from a rifled cannon, which struck a
wheel of a gun carriage, killed one gunner, took off a leg from
another, and killed two horses. The rebels made a charge on our
right, coming out of the woods in front of us, 1,000 to our 688.
We were then unsupported. Musket balls went through and
through our ranks by hundreds. We had to fall back, but in
tolerable order; got loaded and formed pretty
well. Our Col. was sick and weak -- Lieut. Colonel unable to
took the field on foot. Major was disabled by a shot in the ankle
and he was taken prisoner. The command fell on the Captains and
of them sustained themselves right well.
I mention particularly Harry Stainton, who had his right hand shattered
by a musket ball, kept on loading and firing with his left hand, and
did not appear excited or alarmed in the least; also Byron Stevens, D.
W. Farrington, Theron Stevens, Peter D. Roe, Charles Dorchester, Wm.
Barker, (shot through the knee, kept on loading and firing), John H.
Morrison, Hugh Dunigan, (shot through the thigh, breaking the bone, had
two fingers shot off, and was taken prisoner), Isaac Ritchie, (wounded
by a musket ball in calf of leg, but walked with difficulty), John
Hallam, (hurt with splinter in hand, still kept with his company
loading and firing), John M. Robson, (shot in
neck by a spent ball, not serious -- after he was wounded he shot one
fellow;) Charles Stone, Charles Halsey, Henry Bogart, and Menzo W.
Hoard. All of the above men proved themselves capable of going
into anything however desperate.
Our flag was carried in the centre of the regiment. It dropped,
some of the enemy started to get it. Byron Stevens started for
it, but it was got by one of our regiment before he reached it.
It had two musket balls through it, and it is safe in our hands.
are many others in my company proved brave men; haven't time to give
names. Not one but stood his ground and did his duty. We
rallied three times and drove the enemy back into the woods.
were muskets pointed with more deadly effect. They went down before us
like grass before the mower, around one gun they were piled in heaps.
One rebel officer had been left on the field wounded in the leg.
One of the men of our regiment -- not one of my company, thank
God - was about to bayonet him. I rushed up and struck up his
musket with my sword, seized it, put my sword to his breast, told him
to stop or I would run him through. The officer thanked me
with a smile I never shall forget. I gave him my name and
rank, and threw him a canteen of
water of one of his men, who lay torn to pieces by a cannon ball, his
10 feet from his body.
We fell back, advanced again, but the enemy were reinforced with some
5,000 men, and we fell back on the main body.
I was near being shot by my own men in my attempt to catch a horse of
one of our officers for him.
John M. Baker and John Welch are blooded boys also.
From your brother, W. H. BAIRD
(We will give the whole letter, which is highly interesting, next
week. We subjoin now all the casualties in Capt. Baird's company
as given in his letter.)
John Orman of Geneva, killed.
From Geneva Gazette 16 August 1861
Luther L. Mills, of Orcott Creek, Pa., both hands shot off.
Hugh F. Dunnigan, of N. Y., shot through the thigh and 2 fingers off --
Wm. Barker, of New York, shot through the thigh -- is in hospital.
Harry L. Stainton, Geneva, musket ball through the right hand.
John M. Robson, Stanley Corners -- shot through the neck -- slight
Norton Schermerhorn, Flint Creek - hurt in the side by a spent ball --
John Hallam, N. York, an Englishman - cut on the head, not serious.
Isaac Ritchie, Ferguson's Corners - wounded in calf of the leg, not
Co. H., 38d Regiment - In a letter received by us from Capt. Wm.
H. Baird, he gives us the official report he made to his Colonel of the
losses and casualties which his company sustained in the action at Bull
Run. It shows a larger list than heretofore published by us:
John Orman - killed.
Capt. B. adds that his men are in good spirits and anxious for another
"brush" which he thinks they will have soon. Also, that Harry
Stainton has a bad wound in his right hand, but thinks he will not lose
Luther L. Mills, both arms shot off, and taken prisoner.
Hugh F. Dunigan, in a leg and hand.
Wm. Barker, in a leg.
Harry L. Stainton, in right hand.
Hugh McLaughlin, in an arm and leg.
Barney Mulligan, in an arm.
John Robson, in the neck.
John Hallam, wounded by a splinter from a gun carriage.
Isaac L. Ritchie, in the leg, slightly.
Norton Schermerhorn, 2d Sergeant, in the side, slight.
George B. Stevens, in small of the back by a spent ball.
Robert T. Robertson, knocked down by the cavalry, badly bruised.
Robert T. Menzo W. Hoard, in the leg by a cannon ball striking the
ground under his feet - lamed from the shock.
John Walsh, in the hand, slight.
Wm. Ross and John Lamphier - missing; (supposed to be taken prisoners.)
James Underhill and David Ostrander - missing; (supposed to have
From Geneva Gazette 18 October 1861
Letter from Rev. E. C. Prichett, Chaplain to
Col. Stuart is just now suffering from the effects of a fall from his
horse, which fell into a well that was apparently filled up.
We were gratified in the receipt yesterday morning of
a letter from Chaplain Pritchett, of Stuart's Engineer Regiment, which
contains many facts and relates many incidents that will prove
interesting to our Geneva readers.
STUART'S ENG'R REGIMENT, 50TH N. Y. S. V.
Camp Lesley, Hall's Hill, Va.
Washington, D. C. 14th October, 1861
Gen. McClellan is much pleased with our regiment -- says we need
nothing but drill, which he will take care we shall have an opportunity
to obtain before we are in danger. We are to have rifled guns as
soon as possible. He says the men have behaved well with what
have been furnished them, and that such men deserve to have good
weapons. At the same time, military men of experience say that
for battle the old smooth bore are as good as any, if not better; for
in the press of the fight, men do not take cool aim, and the ball and
buckshot cartridge does more execution than the rifle bullet.
However, the Penn Yan company, Capt. Ford, and the Geneva, Capt.
Smalley, the right and left flanks, are already armed with the rifled
We are wishing for our blue uniforms, and Gen. McClellan says we shall
have them as soon as possible. He has ordered that grey uniforms
are not to be fired at until the rebel flag is seen, as he has twenty
thousand troops under him in grey. The blue caps are also a
protection by day
andblue overcoats by night.
We have two alarms, and the men turned out with cheerfulness and
courage. They improve astonishingly in their drill. They
deserve great credit for the cheerfulness with which they endure
hardships, though they have had but little to encounter; but that
little has been met so at to prove that their mettle is equal to what
is yet to come. They form a most attentive congregation on
Sunday; are generally -- to me universally -- civil and well-behaved.
Prayer meetings are quite frequent in the camp. Several
will be held at the same time, as neither the men's tents
nor my own are sufficient to hold those who assemble.
The mail is about closing. I think I do nearly as large though
not as profitable a business at the Post Office in Geneva. The
bag is going out with 360 or more letters in it.
The rebels are retreating -- very likely to strike somewhere West.
They can do nothing in this immediate vicinity. So we think
but know nothing, for which I am thankful. In succeeding to
positions of the enemy, we do not find any indications of tents or good
lodging -- one reason why it may be difficult to make observations of
them. Tents are easy to count. We may yet have to try the
winter without them. The greater part of the regiment have done
it one night. I was just about to do it, but got good cover with
Capt. Smalley. We laid on a blanket, with something like a
table-cloth for cover; slept sound, and awoke refreshingly cool inside
and out. Asked my boy night before, if he knew where my shawl was
-- "Yes sir," said he, "it is in one of the baggage wagons."
I must say that Col. Stuart is as anxious for the welfare of his men as
if he were their father. He is much beloved and respected. When
ordered on the alert with two days' rations prepared Saturday night
last, the Colonel, though bruised by his fall so as to move and even
difficulty, was determined to ride with the regiment, "if he died for
He has many of the elements of the General in him, an eye for the
Country, faculty of combination, executive power and strong will.
combined with regard for justice and benevolence, make an officer under
whom I am proud to serve. Our officers generally are good, and
of them capital. Our Lieut. Colonel, Major, Quartermaster, may be
mentioned, and more if there was room.
With good wishes and remembrance to all friends in Geneva.
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